DSM stands for the "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders," which is a widely used guidebook for mental health professionals in diagnosing psychiatric disorders. Although the DSM primarily focuses on classifying mental disorders, some eating disorders, such as anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa, are included and can impact a person's nutritional status.


A diagnosis is the process of identifying a specific disease or medical condition based on the patient's symptoms, medical history, physical examination, and any diagnostic tests or procedures. It is a critical step in guiding treatment decisions and determining the prognosis for the patient.


Depression is a mental health condition that is characterized by persistent feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and a loss of interest or pleasure in activities that one used to enjoy. It can affect people of all ages and backgrounds, and can be caused by a combination of genetic, biological, environmental, and psychological factors.


Diarrhea is a condition characterized by loose, watery stools that occur more frequently than usual. It can be caused by a variety of factors, including infections, food intolerances, and chronic digestive disorders, and can often be managed through rehydration, diet changes, and medications.


Diabetes is a chronic medical condition in which the body cannot regulate blood sugar levels properly, leading to high levels of glucose in the bloodstream. This can cause various health complications over time, including damage to the eyes, nerves, kidneys, and cardiovascular system.


Dysbiosis refers to an imbalance or disruption in the normal composition of microorganisms that inhabit a particular environment, such as the human gut. This imbalance can contribute to a variety of health issues, including digestive issues, allergies, autoimmune disorders, mood disorders, weight gain, and nutrient deficiencies.